iPhone 8

Apple's iPhone 8 is coming in the fall of 2017.

iPhone 8 (2017)

At a Glance

  • Apple has a major iPhone redesign planned for 2017, with a glass body and edge-to-edge OLED display that includes an integrated Touch ID fingerprint sensor and front-facing camera.

Expected Features

  • OLED display
  • Faster A11 processor
  • Glass body
  • Edge-to-edge display
  • Camera and Touch ID integrated in display
  • No home button
  • Wireless charging
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Apple's iPhone 8 - Coming in 2017

2017 will mark the 10th anniversary of the iPhone and Apple has something major planned to celebrate the occasion. We're more than a year away from the launch of the iPhone 8, but because of Apple's ambitious plans for the device, there are already an abundance of rumors hinting at the impressive features coming in the 2017 iPhone.

Rumors suggest it's going to be a radical redesign, with an edge-to-edge display that does away with the top and bottom bezels where features like the Touch ID fingerprint sensor and the front-facing camera are housed. Instead, Touch ID and the camera may be built directly into the display. Jony Ive has wanted to introduce an iPhone that looks like a single sheet of glass for several years, and 2017 may be the year that it's possible.

With that design, the display would take up the entire front of the iPhone, but it isn't clear if the display will grow to fit the iPhone or the iPhone will be shrunken down to fit the display. The display itself is said to be flexible OLED rather than an LCD, allowing Apple to introduce a thinner device that consumes less power and offers a better display with higher contrast ratio and more true to life colors.

As for the body, rumors suggest Apple is finally going to move away from the aluminum used in the iPhone 5, 5s, 6, 6s, and SE, instead re-adopting a glass body that's similar to the body that was used in the iPhone 4. At least one iPhone model coming in 2017 will use a glass body, according to Apple supplier Catcher Technology.

iphoneconceptimage

Edge-to-edge iPhone concept image via ConceptsiPhone

Inside, the iPhone 8 is expected to have a 10-nanometer A11 chip that will be both faster and more efficient, plus rumors suggest it could also include features like long-range wireless charging and biometric additions like iris or facial scanning.

The iPhone 8 is still under development and will likely launch in the fall of 2017, and in the months ahead of its launch, we'll undoubtedly learn more about the specs of the device. In 2016, Apple is expected to release the iPhone 7, a device with more modest design changes.

Naming

Following Apple's standard naming scheme, with a numeric increase during even years to mark external design changes and an "S" increase during odd years to denote internal feature updates only, the 2017 iPhone would be called the "iPhone 7s."

Given the major changes Apple plans to introduce to the iPhone in 2017, it seems unlikely the device will receive an "S" name, so there's a good chance Apple may decide to skip directly to the next full number, naming the 2017 iPhone the iPhone 8.

2007 - iPhone
2008 - iPhone 3G
2009 - iPhone 3GS
2010 - iPhone 4 (new design)
2011 - iPhone 4s
2012 - iPhone 5 (new design)
2013 - iPhone 5s
2014 - iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus (new design)
2015 - iPhone 6s and iPhone 6s Plus
2016 - iPhone 7 and iPhone 7 Plus
2017 - iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus

iPhone 8 is a tentative name for the device -- it has not yet been confirmed by Apple -- but it seems to be the most logical choice for a major update. There's always the possibility Apple will call it something else or make 2017 the year it moves away from a numbered iPhone naming scheme.

Design

According to analyst Ming-Chi Kuo, Apple is going to move away from the aluminum body that it's been using since 2012 in an effort to differentiate the iPhone from the devices that have come before it.

Apple is expected to instead re-adopt the glass-backed body last used for the iPhone 4s. Glass is more fragile and heavier than aluminum, but Kuo does not foresee this being problematic. Many advances have been made in glass technology and materials like Gorilla Glass are sturdier than ever, which may help prevent breakage. Cutting down on the thickness and weight of the display through the use of OLED will allow Apple to use a heavier material for the body without significantly impacting the overall weight of the device.

white-iphone-4

The iPhone 4, introduced in 2010

Allen Horng, CEO of Apple supplier Catcher Technology, has corroborated Kuo's report. According to both Horng and Kuo, at least one 2017 iPhone model will include a glass backing, but Apple may pair one glass-bodied model with an aluminum-bodied model.

We expect Apple will continue releasing two versions of the iPhone, but exact sizing of the devices is not known, nor is the mix of materials. It's possible Apple will stick with 4.7 and 5.5 inches, but given the radical design and display changes expected, there could be some tweaks to device size.

Display

The iPhone 8 is expected to include a flexible OLED display and Apple has already signed a deal with at least one manufacturer - Samsung - to produce OLED displays for devices set to debut in 2017.

Apple may also be investing in AMOLED supplier AU Optronics and it has a secret lab in Taiwan where it is exploring advanced display options like OLED and Micro-LED. Apple's suppliers are also gearing up to produce OLED displays, investing in new equipment and technology.

Samsung will provide Apple with an estimated 40 million AMOLED panels in 2017, potentially supplemented by panels from LG Display, AU Optronics, Japan Display, and Sharp.

An OLED display eliminates the need for the backlighting that's used in traditional LCDs, which would allow Apple to cut down on the thickness and weight of the display used in the device. OLED displays can also be flexible, perhaps allowing Apple to create a device with a curved or wraparound display.

OLED displays also offer better contrast ratio, truer colors, improved viewing angles, better power efficiency to maximize battery life, and a faster response time than an LCD for faster refresh rates. On the downside, OLED displays don't have the lifespan of an LCD display and they're more prone to water damage, two issues Apple will need to overcome. Apple already uses OLED displays in the Apple Watch.

applewatch1

The Apple Watch has an AMOLED display

There are two separate rumors on the size of the panels Apple will be using. One suggests Samsung is supplying Apple with 5.5-inch OLED panels, while another says Apple is seeking a 5.8-inch OLED display to be used in one of the iPhone 8 models. We'll need to wait for additional information on the size of the display to glean concrete details about how the panel will be used in the iPhone, but we've heard several possibilities.

First of all, and perhaps most interesting, Apple blogger John Gruber says he's heard some "scuttlebutt" suggesting Apple has plans to implement an edge-to-edge display. That means the phone would have no top, bottom, or side bezels, with the display taking up the entire front of the device. Gruber's information has been confirmed by a report from The Wall Street Journal that says Apple is working on an edge-to-edge display that makes the iPhone look like a single piece of glass.

Sensors like Touch ID and the front-facing camera would somehow be embedded in the display, invisible to the naked eye, meaning there's not going to be a home button. Apple has been working on developing touch and display driver (TDDI) chips since 2015, so it's definitely possible that the iPhone 8 will have no home button.

In this scenario, it's not clear if Apple will shrink down the iPhone to the size of the display or expand the display to match the existing iPhone sizes.

If Apple does not completely eliminate the bezels in the iPhone 8, there's a chance that a 5.8-inch display hints at plans for a wraparound screen. Display expert Ray Soneira has speculated a wraparound screen is a possibility, as seen in the mockup below, and Apple has patented similar concepts.

iphonewraparounddisplay-800x511

When applied to the height of an existing 5.5-inch iPhone, a 5.8-inch display like the one Apple is rumored to be working on would leave an extra 7.25mm of display on each side that could be used to wrap around the edges of the device. This would extend the display across the front and sides of the iPhone, perhaps enabling side-based gestures and buttons. We don't know what shape an iPhone with side bars could take, but the rumored 5.8-inch size of the display is about right to add side panels to current-generation iPhones.

Based on information sourced from the Asian supply chain, IHS analyst Kevin Wang also believes the 2017 iPhone will include a "dual-curve" OLED display that covers the left and right edges of the device.

It is not clear from Wang's statement how far the display will extend to the edges of the device or whether it will be a subtle curve for design purposes or a functional wraparound display as Samsung uses in its Galaxy Edge devices.

There are still a lot of unknowns about the display of the iPhone 8, but whether it's edge-to-edge, curved, or wraparound, we can expect some major changes to the look of the device.

Processor

TSMC has begun to tape out the design for the A11 chip built on a 10-nanometer process, completing the first stages of the design that is likely destined for the 2017 iPhone. Certification for the 10-nanometer process is expected to be achieved in late 2016, with the first 10-nanometer chips sent to Apple for validation during the first quarter of 2017.

An A11 chip, like all of Apple's chip upgrades, will be both faster and more energy efficient, in addition to being smaller.

Wireless Charging

Apple is working on long-range wireless charing technology that rumors suggest could be implemented in iPhones as soon as 2017, making it an ideal addition to the iPhone 8. Long-range wireless charging is superior to many existing wireless charging methods because it does not require devices to be as close to a charging source or mat.

There are some obstacles to overcome before such technology can be implemented, such as the loss of power transfer efficiency that occurs when the distance between the transmitter and the receiver is increased. This causes batteries further away from a charging source to charge more slowly.

Apple has been hiring engineers with expertise in wireless charging in recent months, suggesting a wireless charging feature could indeed be in the works. With Apple planning to eliminate the headphone jack in the 2016 iPhone 7, leaving the Lightning port to serve multiple functions, wireless charging is a logical next step for the 2017 iPhone.

Other Features

According to KGI Securities analyst Ming-Chi Kuo, who often accurately predicts Apple's plans, the iPhone 8 could include more advanced biometric features such as facial recognition or iris scanning. Kuo has not elaborated on what additional biometric features would be used for, but presumably these would be alternate methods for accessing the iPhone or adding additional layers of protection.

The iPhone 8 is expected to include NAND flash memory from Samsung, but it is not clear what improvements it might bring. With the iPad Pro now available in capacities up to 256GB, it's possible the iPhone 7 and the iPhone 8 will be available with 256GB storage.

An enhanced Taptic engine is one of the features that could be included in the 2017 iPhone, according to a report from Japanese site Nikkei. Apple is said to be working on a "high-performance motor" that's able to "create more complex tactile vibrations."

Such an engine would perhaps be necessary if Apple is indeed eliminating the home button in the iPhone 8, as has been rumored. Haptic feedback could offer vibrations to denote triggers like the unlocking of the iPhone and the confirmation of a Touch ID payment, two features currently tied to the physical iPhone home button.

Release Date

For the last several years, Apple has released its iPhone updates in September, so we expect to see the iPhone 8 in September of 2017.

Beyond the iPhone 8

In 2018, Apple may add iris scanning capabilities to the iPhone, which could be used alongside of or in place of Touch ID. Iris scanning scans a person's iris, and each person's iris is unique, much like a fingerprint.

Iris scanning is also a feature that has been rumored for the 2017 iPhone, so it's not clear when the iPhone could potentially gain these capabilities, if ever. Iris scanning rumors have come from two sources, but with the 2017 and 2018 iPhones still far off, Apple's plans could change.

iPhone 8 (2017) Timeline

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