Apple Provides Further Clarity on Why It Abandoned Plan to Detect CSAM in iCloud Photos

Apple on Thursday provided its fullest explanation yet for last year abandoning its controversial plan to detect known Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) stored in iCloud Photos.

iCloud General Feature
Apple's statement, shared with Wired and reproduced below, came in response to child safety group Heat Initiative's demand that the company "detect, report, and remove" CSAM from iCloud and offer more tools for users to report such content to the company.

"Child sexual abuse material is abhorrent and we are committed to breaking the chain of coercion and influence that makes children susceptible to it," Erik Neuenschwander, Apple's director of user privacy and child safety, wrote in the company's response to Heat Initiative. He added, though, that after collaborating with an array of privacy and security researchers, digital rights groups, and child safety advocates, the company concluded that it could not proceed with development of a CSAM-scanning mechanism, even one built specifically to preserve privacy.

"Scanning every user's privately stored iCloud data would create new threat vectors for data thieves to find and exploit," Neuenschwander wrote. "It would also inject the potential for a slippery slope of unintended consequences. Scanning for one type of content, for instance, opens the door for bulk surveillance and could create a desire to search other encrypted messaging systems across content types."

In August 2021, Apple announced plans for three new child safety features, including a system to detect known CSAM images stored in ‌iCloud Photos‌, a Communication Safety option that blurs sexually explicit photos in the Messages app, and child exploitation resources for Siri. Communication Safety launched in the U.S. with iOS 15.2 in December 2021 and has since expanded to the U.K., Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, and the ‌Siri‌ resources are also available, but CSAM detection never ended up launching.

Apple initially said CSAM detection would be implemented in an update to iOS 15 and iPadOS 15 by the end of 2021, but the company postponed the feature based on "feedback from customers, advocacy groups, researchers, and others." The plans were criticized by a wide range of individuals and organizations, including security researchers, the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), politicians, policy groups, university researchers, and even some Apple employees.

Apple's latest response to the issue comes at a time when the encryption debate has been reignited by the U.K. government, which is considering plans to amend surveillance legislation that would require tech companies to disable security features like end-to-end encryption without telling the public.

Apple says it will pull services including FaceTime and iMessage in the U.K. if the legislation is passed in its current form.

Note: Due to the political or social nature of the discussion regarding this topic, the discussion thread is located in our Political News forum. All forum members and site visitors are welcome to read and follow the thread, but posting is limited to forum members with at least 100 posts.

Popular Stories

iPhone 16 Pro Sizes Feature

iPhone 16 Series Is Just Two Months Away: Everything We Know

Monday July 15, 2024 4:44 am PDT by
Apple typically releases its new iPhone series around mid-September, which means we are about two months out from the launch of the iPhone 16. Like the iPhone 15 series, this year's lineup is expected to stick with four models – iPhone 16, iPhone 16 Plus, iPhone 16 Pro, and iPhone 16 Pro Max – although there are plenty of design differences and new features to take into account. To bring ...
Apple Watch Series 9

2024 Apple Watch Lineup: Key Changes We're Expecting

Tuesday July 16, 2024 7:59 am PDT by
Apple is seemingly planning a rework of the Apple Watch lineup for 2024, according to a range of reports from over the past year. Here's everything we know so far. Apple is expected to continue to offer three different Apple Watch models in five casing sizes, but the various display sizes will allegedly grow by up to 12% and the casings will get taller. Based on all of the latest rumors,...
iPhone 16 Pro Left Side Feature

iPhone 16 Pro Again Rumored to Come in New 'Rose' Color

Tuesday July 16, 2024 3:53 am PDT by
Apple's upcoming iPhone 16 Pro and iPhone 16 Pro Max will be available in a new "Rose" color, claims a rumor out of China, corroborating previous claims. Chinese Weibo-based leaker OvO Baby Sauce OvO, a relatively new source of supply chain leaks, said on Tuesday that the new color code for the iPhone 16 Pro models is simply "Rose," not the previous "Rose Gold" color that Apple first offered ...
New MacBook Pros Launching Tomorrow With These 4 New Features 2

M5 MacBook Models to Use New Compact Camera Module in 2025

Wednesday July 17, 2024 2:58 am PDT by
Apple in 2025 will take on a new compact camera module (CCM) supplier for future MacBook models powered by its next-generation M5 chip, according to Apple analyst Ming-Chi Kuo. Writing in his latest investor note on unny-opticals-2025-business-momentum-to-benefit-509819818c2a">Medium, Kuo said Apple will turn to Sunny Optical for the CCM in its M5 MacBooks. The Chinese optical lens company...
tinypod apple watch

TinyPod Turns Your Apple Watch Into an iPod

Wednesday July 17, 2024 3:18 pm PDT by
If you have an old Apple Watch and you're not sure what to do with it, a new product called TinyPod might be the answer. Priced at $79, the TinyPod is a silicone case with a built-in scroll wheel that houses the Apple Watch chassis. When an Apple Watch is placed inside the TinyPod, the click wheel on the case is able to be used to scroll through the Apple Watch interface. The feature works...
macbook pro january

Best Buy's Black Friday in July Sale Takes Up to $700 Off M3 MacBook Pro for Members

Monday July 15, 2024 11:05 am PDT by
Best Buy's "Black Friday in July" sale is in full swing today, and in addition to a few iPad Air discounts we shared earlier, there are also some steep markdowns on the M3 MacBook Pro. You will need a My Best Buy Plus or Total membership in order to get some of these deals. Note: MacRumors is an affiliate partner with Best Buy. When you click a link and make a purchase, we may receive a small...

Top Rated Comments

Glenny2lappies Avatar
12 months ago

I think an on-device, privacy-centric approach could be a good middle ground. Removes the external service and is an enhancement / addition to existing on-device recognition technologies.

For example, if someone used their device to capture such material, or otherwise saved such material to their device, maybe a notice could be displayed "this content could be illegal and causes real harm". It wouldn't remove it, or "report" it external to the device, but it could be at least some way to get someone to think twice about being in possession such horrendous material.

The slippery slope commences. Child abuse, so easy to put in place the infrastructure for censoring.
Then came the clamor for "hate speech". Then Thought Crime.

No. Child abuse is illegal and only a very few people are involved. The wider privacy issue is far more important.

Just read 1984 (the Stephen Fry audiobook is best) to see the end result which we can already see happening.
Score: 56 Votes (Like | Disagree)
Apple Knowledge Navigator Avatar
12 months ago
That’s a decent explanation, but I’m baffled that they didn’t think of these things before announcing the feature originally.
Score: 46 Votes (Like | Disagree)
xxray Avatar
12 months ago
Still super grateful Apple listened and had the “courage” to walk this back and then even enable end-to-end encryption in iCloud. It really made me lose faith in Apple for a bit when they were pursuing this. I cancelled iCloud and everything.

Yes, CSAM is the absolute worst of humanity, and people who cause/encourage it deserve to be punished. But not at the expense of ruining privacy for the entire rest of the human population.
Score: 44 Votes (Like | Disagree)
Wanted797 Avatar
12 months ago

That’s a decent explanation, but I’m baffled that they didn’t think of these things before announcing the feature originally.
They didn’t.

It was a knee jerk reaction that sounded good on paper and I’m assuming Apple corporate bureaucracy (like most companies) meant no one spoke up.
Score: 31 Votes (Like | Disagree)
centauratlas Avatar
12 months ago

Is there a deep hidden meaning to this? Basically is Apple saying in not so many words that if they were to create software to scan for CSAM in icloud that it could fall into the hands of data thieves who would exploit it's use and thus to prevent such a thing happening they have no intention of creating the software in the first place? Much like the argument Apple use for not making security backdoors into iphones because they are worried making such a thing will fall into the hands of criminals who would exploit it's use and therefore it is better to say no such thing exists.
Not just data thieves but authoritarians of all stripes - fascist, socialist, communist, monarchist etc - would use it to scan for unacceptable speech and dissent. Then they'd use it to shut down dissent and free speech. Just ask the panda.

See 1984 and Brave New World. They treat them like instructions, not warnings.
Score: 25 Votes (Like | Disagree)
Glenny2lappies Avatar
12 months ago
Good on Apple!

First they came for the ('')socialists, and I did not speak out—
Because I was not a socialist.

Then they came for the trade unionists, and I did not speak out—
Because I was not a trade unionist.

Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out—
Because I was not a Jew.

Then they came for me—and there was no one left to speak for me.

With the rise of populist driven one-trick-pony political movements, it is truly great to see Apple's stance. Privacy is vital as is the right to free speech.
Score: 24 Votes (Like | Disagree)