TSMC's Next-Generation Chip Technology for Apple Silicon on Schedule

Apple chipmaker TSMC is making progress toward manufacturing 2nm and 1.4nm chips that are likely destined for future generations of Apple silicon, DigiTimes reports.

apple silicon feature joeblue
The manufacturing time frames for mass production of 2nm and 1.4nm chips have now apparently been determined: Trial production of the 2nm node will begin at in the second half of 2024, with small-scale production ramping up in the second quarter of 2025. Notably, TSMC's new plant in Arizona will also join 2nm production efforts. In 2027, facilities in Taiwan will start to shift toward production of 1.4nm chips.

TSMC's first 1.4nm node is officially called "A14" and will follow its "N2" 2nm chips. N2 is scheduled for mass production in late 2025, to be followed by an enhanced "N2P" node in late 2026.

Historically, Apple is among the first companies to adopt new, state-of-the-art chip fabrication technologies. For example, it was the first company to utilize TSMC's 3nm node with the A17 Pro chip in the iPhone 15 Pro and ‌iPhone 15 Pro‌ Max, and Apple is likely to follow suit with the chipmaker's upcoming nodes. Apple's most advanced chip designs have historically appeared in the iPhone before making their way to the iPad and Mac lineups. With all of the latest information, here's how the ‌iPhone‌'s chip technology is expected to look going forward:

  • ‌iPhone‌ XR and XS (2018): A12 Bionic (7nm, N7)
  • ‌iPhone‌ 11 lineup (2019): A13 Bionic (7nm, N7P)
  • ‌iPhone‌ 12 lineup (2020): A14 Bionic (5nm, N5)
  • iPhone 13 Pro (2021): A15 Bionic (5nm, N5P)
  • iPhone 14 Pro (2022): A16 Bionic (4nm, N4P)
  • ‌iPhone 15 Pro‌ (2023): A17 Pro (‌3nm‌, N3B)
  • iPhone 16 Pro (2024): "A18" (‌3nm‌, N3E)
  • "‌iPhone‌ 17 Pro" (2025): "A19" (2nm, N2)
  • "‌iPhone‌ 18 Pro" (2026): "A20" (2nm, N2P)
  • "‌iPhone‌ 19 Pro" (2027): "A21" (1.4nm, A14)

The M1 series of Apple silicon chips is based on the A14 Bionic and uses TSMC's N5 node, while the M2 and M3 series use N5P and N3B, respectively. The Apple Watch's S4 and S5 chips use N7, the S6, S7, and S8 chips use N7P, and the latest S9 chip uses N4P.

Each successive TSMC node surpasses its predecessor in terms of transistor density, performance, and efficiency. Late last year, it emerged that TSMC had already demonstrated prototype 2nm chips to Apple ahead of their expected introduction in 2025.

Popular Stories

iOS 18 Siri Integrated Feature

Report: These 10 New AI Features Are Coming in iOS 18

Sunday May 26, 2024 12:57 pm PDT by
iOS 18 and macOS 15 will offer an array of new AI features such as auto-generated emojis, suggested replies to emails and messages, and more, Bloomberg's Mark Gurman reports. A significant portion of Apple's Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) is expected to focus on AI features. Writing his latest "Power On" newsletter, Gurman explained that Apple's AI strategy emphasizes providing...
airpods pro 2 pink

Apple Releases New AirPods Pro 2 Firmware

Tuesday May 28, 2024 11:46 am PDT by
Apple today released new firmware update for both the Lightning and USB-C versions of the AirPods Pro 2. The new firmware is version 6F7, up from the 6B34 firmware released in November. Apple does not provide details on what features might be included in the refreshed firmware beyond "bug fixes and other improvements," so it is unclear what's new in the update. Apple does not give...
new best buy blue

Best Buy's Memorial Day Sale Has Record Low Prices on iPads, MacBooks, and Much More

Friday May 24, 2024 7:12 am PDT by
Best Buy today kicked off its Memorial Day weekend sale, and it has some of the best prices we've tracked in weeks on iPads and MacBooks. Specifically, you'll find record low prices on the 5th generation iPad Air, iPad mini 6, M2 MacBook Air, and M3 MacBook Pro. Note: MacRumors is an affiliate partner with Best Buy. When you click a link and make a purchase, we may receive a small payment,...
iOS 18 WWDC 24 Feature 2

Gurman: iOS 18 Will Allow Users to Recolor App Icons and Place Them Anywhere

Sunday May 26, 2024 12:22 pm PDT by
Apple's iOS 18 update will introduce new features for further customizing the iPhone's home screen, according to Bloomberg's Mark Gurman. In the latest edition of his "Power On" newsletter, Gurman claimed that Apple will allow users to change the color of app icons in iOS 18. For example, "you can make all your social icons blue or finance-related ones green." This kind of home screen...
iPad Pro Landscape Apple Logo Feature

Apple Says Future iPads Could Feature Landscape Apple Logo

Monday May 27, 2024 6:31 am PDT by
French website Numerama interviewed three senior Apple employees about the new iPad Pro models that launched earlier this month. While the discussion did not reveal many new details, it did mention one potential change for future iPads. While the Apple logo on the back of iPads is positioned so that it appears upright in vertical orientation, the devices are often used in landscape...

Top Rated Comments

vegetassj4 Avatar
7 weeks ago
If a speedometer measures speed, then a nanometer measures nan…. Grandmas? Flatbread?

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/nan[Click to view video attachment]
Score: 8 Votes (Like | Disagree)
Anaxarxes Avatar
7 weeks ago

If I understood it correctly the "x nm" is just arbitrary and not an actual size? What comes after?

but for tech nodes, after nm we'll see Angstrom (100pm) as the unit
Score: 6 Votes (Like | Disagree)
AgeOfSpiracles Avatar
7 weeks ago

The whole thing is stupid... Angstroms (0.1 nm) follow, or picometres (0.001 nm). But since, as you say, the label is arbitrary they may as well call the next one 38.287 seconds. It all means nothing.
If MR included this caveat at the top of every article on the subject, do you suppose that people would still make this comment? Probably.
Score: 6 Votes (Like | Disagree)
Nimrad Avatar
7 weeks ago
If I understood it correctly the "x nm" is just arbitrary and not an actual size? What comes after?
Score: 4 Votes (Like | Disagree)
MayaUser Avatar
7 weeks ago

If I understood it correctly the "x nm" is just arbitrary and not an actual size? What comes after?
yes, its just marketing like M1 M2 M3...all words are invented. but that said it doesnt mean we will not get a lot more transistors , more efficient SoC or keep the same efficiency but go for pure performance only
From this M3 to the M7, we will see a big difference no matter the nm marketing
Score: 3 Votes (Like | Disagree)
bradman83 Avatar
7 weeks ago

If I understood it correctly the "x nm" is just arbitrary and not an actual size? What comes after?
Within the same company the labels provide a useful description of the miniaturization over the prior generation; the jump from 2nm from 3nm for TSMC's process would result in about a 33% increase in miniaturization and transistor density.

That said you are correct that it's all just marketing. Different processes from different companies have different transistor densities. Intel's 10nm process node is widely believed to be comparable to TSMC's 7nm node, for example (hence why Intel started calling their refreshed 10nm process as Intel 7).

The next marketing term is Angstrom; 10 Angstroms = 1 nanometer
Score: 3 Votes (Like | Disagree)