According to the methodology, Brand Finance evaluates which brands "are the strongest and most valuable across all markets." This includes an "Enterprise Value," "Branded Business Value," "Brand Contribution," and "Brand Value." The researchers then combine this with a "Brand Strength" index, which calculates a score out of 100 based on three factors: marketing investment, stakeholder equity, and business performance.
Overall, the researchers found that 2018's results prove companies in the technology sector "have cemented their position as absolute leaders in the market." In first, Amazon grew its brand value 42 percent this year to $150.8 billion, overtaking Apple's stationary spot in second place. Although the company didn't move, it did grow its brand value 37 percent to $146.3 million.
Google grew its brand value 10 percent to $120.9 million, but was still "unable to keep pace with the remarkable growth of the top two brands." Rounding out the top 10 were Facebook in 4th (45 percent brand value growth), AT&T in 5th (5 percent brand value drop), Microsoft in 6th (6 percent growth), Verizon in 7th (5 percent drop), Walmart in 8th (1 percent drop), Wells Fargo in 9th (6 percent growth), and Chase in 10th (15 percent growth).
It's important to note that Brand Finance's rankings don't directly measure each brand's actual revenue or profit from a given year, but focuses instead on its own specialized system to discover a brand's value. Specifically, Brand Finance CEO David Haigh said the corporate brand valuations are compliant with the International Organization for Standardization's 10668 and 20671 specifications.
In other recent rankings, Apple dropped to the 4th spot in Fortune 500's annual list of the top U.S. corporations based on gross revenue. Earlier in the year, the company earned the top spot as the most intimate brand in the U.S for millennials in a list that measured which brands had the deepest emotional connections with respondents.