TikTok's In-App Browser Reportedly Capable of Monitoring Anything You Type

TikTok's custom in-app browser on iOS reportedly injects JavaScript code into external websites that allows TikTok to monitor "all keyboard inputs and taps" while a user is interacting with a given website, according to security researcher Felix Krause, but TikTok has reportedly denied that the code is used for malicious reasons.

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Krause said TikTok's in-app browser "subscribes" to all keyboard inputs while a user interacts with an external website, including any sensitive details like passwords and credit card information, along with every tap on the screen.

"From a technical perspective, this is the equivalent of installing a keylogger on third party websites," wrote Krause, in regards to the JavaScript code that TikTok injects. However, the researcher added that "just because an app injects JavaScript into external websites, doesn't mean the app is doing anything malicious."

In a statement shared with Forbes, a TikTok spokesperson acknowledged the JavaScript code in question, but said it is only used for debugging, troubleshooting, and performance monitoring to ensure an "optimal user experience."

"Like other platforms, we use an in-app browser to provide an optimal user experience, but the Javascript code in question is used only for debugging, troubleshooting and performance monitoring of that experience — like checking how quickly a page loads or whether it crashes," the statement said, according to Forbes.

Krause said users who wish to protect themselves from any potential malicious usage of JavaScript code in in-app browsers should switch to viewing a given link in the platform's default browser if possible, such as Safari on the iPhone and iPad.

"Whenever you open a link from any app, see if the app offers a way to open the currently shown website in your default browser," wrote Krause. "During this analysis, every app besides TikTok offered a way to do this."

Facebook and Instagram are two other apps that insert JavaScript code into external websites loaded in their in-app browsers, giving the apps the ability to track user activity, according to Krause. In a tweet, a spokesperson for Facebook and Instagram parent company Meta said that the company "intentionally developed this code to honor people's App Tracking Transparency (ATT) choices on our platforms."

Krause said he created a simple tool that allows anyone to check if an in-app browser is injecting JavaScript code when rendering a website. The researcher said users simply need to open an app they wish to analyze, share the address InAppBrowser.com somewhere inside the app (such as in a direct message to another person), tap on the link inside the app to open it in the in-app browser, and read the details of the report shown.

Apple did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Update: A spokesperson for TikTok issued the following statement to MacRumors.

"The report's conclusions about TikTok are incorrect and misleading. The researcher specifically says the JavaScript code does not mean our app is doing anything malicious, and admits they have no way to know what kind of data our in-app browser collects. Contrary to the report's claims, we do not collect keystroke or text inputs through this code, which is solely used for debugging, troubleshooting, and performance monitoring."

According to the TikTok spokesperson, the JavaScript code is part of a software development kit (SDK) that TikTok is leveraging, and the "keypress" and "keydown" functions mentioned by Krause are common inputs that TikTok does not use for keystroke logging.

Tag: TikTok

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Top Rated Comments

sniffies Avatar
24 months ago
TikTok is a tikking bomb that needs to be defused ASAP.
Score: 53 Votes (Like | Disagree)
DHagan4755 Avatar
24 months ago
It's owned by a Chinese company with alleged ties to the CCP. If you're concerned about it, don't use it. It's quite simple.
Score: 52 Votes (Like | Disagree)
bigandtasty Avatar
24 months ago
We were told TikTok was shady and monitoring people almost 2 years ago. Nothing surprising here.
Score: 42 Votes (Like | Disagree)
ian87w Avatar
24 months ago
This is why I hate in-app browser. Let's face it, Google, Facebook, they all do/did it, which is why they're insistence in forcing users to remain in their app with these in-app browser "experience." This is an issue on Android as well, where Google searches on Google app are sticking with Chrome/in-app browser by default even if I have another browser as my default browser.

There are always shenanigans like this. I wish for Apple to simply disable in-app browsers, and force any links to just use the default browser externally.
Score: 40 Votes (Like | Disagree)
macaddict06 Avatar
24 months ago
<shocked pikachu face>
Score: 37 Votes (Like | Disagree)
TheYayAreaLiving ?️ Avatar
24 months ago
I once said, never to trust Facebook. Now I’m going to say, Never trust TikTok.
Score: 24 Votes (Like | Disagree)