Inside iOS 9: Under-the-Hood Improvements for Battery Life, Security, and More

In iOS 9, some of the best features are the ones that aren't readily visible. iOS 9 has several under-the-hood updates that boost battery life, improve security, and cut down on the amount of storage space iOS updates and apps use on iPhones and iPads.

Even disregarding all of the consumer facing features, these quiet improvements make the upgrade to iOS 9 from iOS 8 or iOS 7 well worth it on all supported devices: the iPhone 4s and up, the iPad 2 and up, and all iPad mini models.

Battery Life


With operating system optimizations, Apple is able to eke out an additional hour of battery life on iPhones under normal usage conditions. One of these improvements, for example, pertains to the iPhone's ambient light and proximity sensor. When the iPhone is placed facedown, it now detects that the screen isn't visible, so an incoming notification does not light up the screen.

batterysettings
There's also a new Low Power Mode on the iPhone that can add another three hours of battery life by cutting down on battery-draining features. Low Power Mode turns off automatic Mail fetch, disables background app refresh, disables motion effects, and disables animated wallpapers.

Low Power mode also throttles the performance of the iPhone so it drains less power. Benchmark testing suggests Low Power mode reduces an iPhone's performance by about 40 percent to cut down on power usage.

Security


iOS 9 prompts users to create 6-digit passcodes instead of 4-digit passcodes for additional security. It's still possible to create a 4-digit passcode, but Apple recommends a 6-digit code because it adds one million possible combinations instead of 10,000, making a passcode harder to crack. Two-factor authentication support is also enhanced in iOS 9.

ios9security

Installation Size


With iOS 9, Apple's cut way down on the installation size, so far less free space is required to download the new update. While iOS required 4.58 GB of space to install, iOS 9 requires only 1.3 GB of space to install, making it more accessible to users who have 16 GB iOS devices.

appdeletionstuff
For devices that still don't have enough space to install the iOS 9 update, Apple has a new auto app delete/reinstall feature. When attempting to install iOS 9 on a device with insufficient space, there's a popup that offers to temporarily delete some apps in order to make room for the update. Apps that are deleted are then reinstalled and replaced after the operating system update is completed.

App Thinning


Apps from third-party developers also require less installation space thanks to a feature called App Thinning. With App Thinning, apps can be optimized for specific devices, allowing them to take up less space on iOS devices.

An app for the iPhone doesn't need all of the iPad assets, so those won't be downloaded. That means faster installs, faster launch times, and more storage space left for other apps and content.

App Thinning also includes on-demand resources like image and sound files, which can be downloaded only when needed. The imagery for later levels in a game, for example, might not be downloaded until it's necessary.

Metal


Apps in iOS 9 take advantage of Metal, making more efficient use of the CPU and GPU for faster scrolling, smoother animations, and better performance. Email, messages, web pages, and PDFs all render faster.



Top Rated Comments

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47 months ago
This is pretty minor, but for devices with a keyboard, they've also added a helpful popup when you hold cmd that shows what keyboard shortcuts you can use.


Not a huge feature, but it's definitely a nice touch.
Rating: 12 Votes
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47 months ago

...
Why Apple engineers don't design software on less capable devices first and move on from there?


Because then the software will be less capable, and devices newer than the 4S would go to waste.
Rating: 10 Votes
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47 months ago

so much effort required from so many developers (Apple, 3rd party) so that Apple can save $5/device by not moving to 64GB base...


Are you saying app thinning is a bad thing? I shouldn't have to download resources I don't need...
Rating: 9 Votes
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47 months ago

iPhone 4S: battery sucks big time (6% lost in almost 5 minutes) and performance without Low power mode enabled is awful!
Why Apple engineers don't design software on less capable devices first and move on from there?

It's the first day and it's indexing. You can complain about it tomorrow but right now we hold your review with a grain of salt.
Rating: 8 Votes
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47 months ago
I've been hard on Apple for the last couple of months, but IOS 9 feels brilliant. No Safari crashes so far, and its snappyness has been taken up or notch, everything feels fast and fluent on my dated Ipad 4. Looks like this could be the long awaited Snow Leopard release.
Well done Apple, credit where credit is due.
Rating: 8 Votes
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47 months ago
I want low power mode easier to use, put it on the bottom menu so I can easily access it.
Better yet, let me set it to automatically turn on when it hits a user designated threshold, i.e. when the phone hits 40% automagically turn on low power mode...

Gary
Rating: 7 Votes
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47 months ago
so much effort required from so many developers (Apple, 3rd party) so that Apple can save $5/device by not moving to 64GB base...
Rating: 7 Votes
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47 months ago

Because then the software will be less capable, and devices newer than the 4S would go to waste.

I disagree. I'm an iOS Developer and I know what these devices are capable of.
That's one. Another thing would be that designing software on less performant devices will lead to great performance advantages for more performant ones. Also, who says that designing software for slower devices will impair new or more features for the faster ones? At its core the software must be fast!
Rating: 6 Votes
Avatar
47 months ago

I disagree. I'm an iOS Developer and I know what these devices are capable of.
That's one. Another thing would be that designing software on less performant devices will lead to great performance advantages for more performant ones. Also, who says that designing software for slower devices will impair new or more features for the faster ones? At its core the software must be fast!

This is an idiotic statement. Designing software to run well on an obsolete phone such as the 4S while negating the performance benefits of the 6 and 6S is ludicrous.
Rating: 6 Votes
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47 months ago

I've been on 9GM for about a week now. I really like it! It's very smooth, and my battery life seems slightly better too. I'd like that emergency battery mode thing to have a control centre shortcut, though.

Love the new font too. Very readable.


Not as readable as iOS 6 and earlier already were.
Rating: 3 Votes
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